Berkedudukan di kedua-dua negeri Johor dan Pahang, landskap yang unik ini terdiri daripada puncak bukit dan tanah pamah pergunungan yang dikurniakan dengan ekosistem dengan kepelbagaian biologi yang menakjubkan, serta sungai jernih dan air terjun yang indah.
Inilah hutan hujan tropika yang paling selatan benua Asia. Fosil tumbuhan yang pernah dijumpai di sini ialah jenis dari tempoh Jurassic kira-kira 140 juta tahun dahulu. Hutan Endau Rompin telah wujud selama berjuta-juta tahun.
Pada zaman sekarang, landskap Semenanjung telah banyak berubah. Hutan asli telah diganti dengan kawasan pertanian, jalanraya, dan kawasan perumahan dan perbandaran. Ini menambahkan kepentingan Endau Rompin yang merupakan kawasan perlindungan yang tersendiri untuk warisan flora dan fauna negara Malaysia.
Pada tahun 1993, the Taman Negara Johor Endau Rompin diwartakan. Ia merangkumi kawasan hutan hujan tanah pamah seluas 48,905 ha. Sebahagian daripada kawasan ini terdiri daripada dua Sanktuari Hidupan Liar yang diwujudkan oleh kerajaan negeri Johor untuk melindungi hidupan liar yang terancam seperti gajah, harimau belang, dan seladang. Tujuan utama Taman Negara Johor Endau Rompin diwartakan ialah untuk perlindungan ekosistem semulajadi, tumbuhan, dan hidupan liar, dan pengurusan dan penggunaan secara mapan buat selamanya. Badan yang bertanggungjawab untuk pengurusan taman adalah Johor National Park Corporation (JNPC).
Our knowledge of the biodiversity of Endau Rompin has been contributed by a number of early explorers from the colonial period as well as at least two major scientific expeditions. The historic scientific and heritage expedition led by the Malaysian Nature Society over 1985 and 1986 generated findings that played a key role in distinguishing this area for its exceptional biodiversity and unique geological formations. For example, there have been 71 species of palms documented from Endau Rompin, a third of all the palms found in Peninsular Malaysia and including a handful that are endemic to this area.
A subsequent expedition conducted by JNPC with Universiti Malaya in 2002 has contributed even more records. UM has documented150 species of Ferns from the National Park, and collections of mosses, ferns and fungi are expected to yield more important finds when adequately studied.
Endau Rompin provides critical habitat for endangered species which include the Malayan tiger (Panthera tigris jacksoni), the Malaysian tapir (Tapir indicus), and the Asian elephant (Elephas maximas). These species are just some of the 95 species of mammals found here – there are six species of primates including the white-handed gibbon (Hylobates lar) and the banded leaf monkey (Presbytis femoralis). Civet cats, leopard cats, mousedeer, wild pigs and porcupines are some of the many smaller mammal species that one might be lucky enough to see within the National Park.
Setakat ini, kira-kira 250 spesis burung telah direkodkan di Endau Rompin termasuk tujuh spesis burung enggang. Burung enggang badak (Rhinoceros hornbill) dan Burung Kuang Raya (Great Argus) dengan panggilan mereka yang kuat adalah are di antara spesis yang sering didengar di hutan ini.
Taman Negara Johor Endau Rompin adalah penting untuk kepelbagaian akuatik yang tinggi. Ia melindungi kawasan hulu sungai yang masih mempunyai air yang jernih.
Sebanyak 76 spesis ikan air tawar telah direkodkan di perairan di taman ini termasuk ikan kelah (Malayan mahseer) dan kelisa (green arowana), kedua-duanya spesis yang semakin terancam dan jarang dijumpai di kawasan sungai yang lain di Malaysia.
There is a delightful diversity of reptiles and amphibians found within Endau Rompin owing to its network of streams and waterfalls. So far 37 species of snake and 36 species of lizards have been recorded here. The animals can be spotted by visitors with keen eyes – from the Gekko Smithi preying on insects attracted to the lights at the Park Centre, to more unusual and rare sighting such as of the brown Asian tortoise (Manouria emys), the grand angle head lizard (Gonocephalus grandis) and the rough-necked monitor lizard (Varanus rudicollis).
More than 56 amphibians have been recorded from here, mostly a diverse array of frog species whose noisy choruses characterize the wet season. Among these is the impressive Malayan giant frog (Limonectes blythi) which can weigh as much as a kilo when full grown.
The geological history of Endau Rompin dates back at some 240 million years. Many remarkable formations are found here including many that have been shaped over thousands of years such as the remarkable bath-tub like depressions found at Upeh Guling and some of the other waterfalls. The bowl is shaped by smaller loose rocks moved in a circular motion by swift currents over the surface of the large boulders.
Dark volcanic rocks found in the upper reaches of Endau and Selai characterize the spectacular waterfalls such as Buaya Sangkut and Takah Tinggi Falls which were formed by large scale faults creating steep-sided cliffs and deep gorges.
Endau Rompin is an irreplaceable biological resource of genetic materials. There is an amazing diversity of species, many of which may be able to be developed for commercial value such as orchids, timber trees, ornamental plants, edible plants, wild fruits as well as plants with potential pharmaceutical value. The Park has more than 120 species of orchids, 20 species of wild gingers.
There is also a rich ethnobotanical tradition as indigenous peoples have long made use of plants for a wide variety of uses such as food, flavouring, building materials, craft and over time have built a knowledge base of which parts of plants can be used as tonics and which have medicinal properties.
The indigenous people of this area are Orang Asli of the Orang Hulu or Jakun sub-ethnic group. Several of their villages are located close to the National Park. They have a long history of association with these forest and rivers and many continue to reuly on these resources for their livelihoods. Local people here possess an intimate knowledge of their surroundings and many aspects of their culture, traditions and legends relate to the world around them. Some have found employment in the Park, while others earn extra income by providing services for tourists and visitors.
The Selai Gateway which opened in 2003 is situated at the western access to the Park. Selai was named after Kampung Selai, an Orang Asli village near the entrance. For prospective visitors, this is the opportunity to enjoy forest hikes alongside clear streams and shaded pools. There are some stunning waterfalls here.
Takah Berangin waterfall
Takah Pandan waterfall
Takah Tinggi waterfall, a magnificent seven-tiered waterfall is about a day’s hike from the camp area.
A Nature Education and Research Centre is located here and provides nature interpretation and support for the activities of researchers and other visitors.
Some of the main attractions here are the fan palm forest at Janing Barat and patches of heath forest which are impressive sites of plant endemism with rare species adapted to the impoverished sandy soils. At Kuala Jasin, visitors enjoy the idyllic view at the confluence of the Jasin and Endau Rivers. There is a Kelah Fish Sanctuary at Kuala Marong where it is possible to get unusually close to the fish.
Other places to visit are Tasik Air Biru – a blue water pool, Upeh Guling Waterfall where it is possible to view unique rock formations, Takah Tempang Waterfall and Buaya Sangkut Waterfall which is named from the folk tale of a stranded crocodile.